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About the Hungarian Landscape

Land use (1994):

forested 19.1%; meadows and pastures 12.4%; agricultural and under permanent cultivation 53.9%; other 14.6%.

Gross national product (1996):

U.S.$44,274,000,000 (U.S.$4,340 per capita).


Central Europe, northwest of Romania

Geographic coordinates

47 00 N, 20 00 E


Total: 93,030 sq km
Land: 92,340 sq km
Water: 690 sq km

Border countries

Austria, Croatia, Romania, Yugoslavia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine


Temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers


Mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Tisza River 78m Tisza River 78m
Highest point: Kekes 1,014m

Natural resources

bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land

Land use

Arable land: 49.58%
Permanent crops: 2.06%
Other: 48.36% (2005)


Landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin